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Public Diplomacy Institute. Indonesia Town Hall Meeting, "Common Values, Common Challenges"

7:30 - 9:30 a.m., Friday, February 7. PDC members are urged to attend a video dialogue between approximately 50 Americans and 50 Indonesians in GWU's Jack Morton Auditorium (School of Media and Public Affairs, 21st & H Streets, NW). The program is being developed for rebroadcast on Indonesian Television in cooperation with U.S. Embassy Jakarta, the Public Diplomacy Institute, RCTI Indonesian Television, the U.S. Indonesia Society, and Weber Shandwick. Arranged by State Department FSO Tim Gerhardson and PDI Director Barry Fulton, this early a.m. town hall meeting will be moderated by SMPA faculty member Steven Roberts.

Council on Foreign Relations. The Council's [ new terrorism website] uses a Q&A format to provide explanations and backgrounders on terrorism and related foreign policy issues. The site contains a lengthy Q&A on public diplomacy drawn in part from Council's Task Force on Public Diplomacy report.

Foreign Policy Centre. This London based think tank, directed by Mark Leonard, has begun the first phase of a public diplomacy research program in the Middle East, producing a case study of popular perceptions of public diplomacy in Turkey and Saudia Arabia, to be completed in mid December. A separate strand of PD research will be a reexamination of Norway's international image and standing.

NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. The website transcript of Terry Smith's public diplomacy segment (January 21) includes extended off-air interviews with each of the participants: U/S Charlotte Beers, media analyst Mamoun Fandy, BBG member Norman Pattiz, Radio Sawa news director Mouafac Harb, and Radio Sawa consultant Bert Kleinman.

Daniel Shurgurensky, ed., "Walter Lippmann and John Dewey Debate the Role of Citizens in Democracy," History of Education: Selected Moments of the 20th Century. Concise, evenhanded treatment of this still relevant debate. Useful supplement for those who assign Walter Lippmann's Public Opinion.


Mark A. Abramson and Therese L. Morin (eds.), E-Government 2003. (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003). The book includes a collection of nine research reports sponsored by the IBM Endowment for The Business of
Government. Among the papers is a chapter by Barry Fulton entitled "Leveraging Technology in the Service of Diplomacy: Innovation in the Department of State."

W. Lance BennettNews: The Politics of Illusion, (New York, Addison Wesley Longman, Inc., 2003). Fifth edition of this classic with a new foreword by Doris Graber. Updated with new case studies, research, and material on digital information, post 9/11 news issues, and the impact of the Internet on mass media news.

W. Lance Bennett and David L. Paletz (eds). Taken By Storm: The Media, Public Opinion, and U.S. Foreign Policy in the Gulf War, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994). This collection of 13 papers with an introduction by Marvin Kalb describes the role of the mass media and public opinion in the development of U.S. foreign policy in the 1991 Gulf War. It includes papers by PDI board members Jerry Manheim and Steve Livingston.
(Courtesy of Barry Fulton)

Mark BuchananNexus: Small Worlds and the Groundbreaking Science of Networks, (New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 2002). This discussion of network theory, accessible to the non-specialist, treats social, technological, and scientific aspects of how networks interact and exchange information. Includes discussion of the Internet, information networks, the global economy, disease, and ecosystems.

James DawesThe Language of War: Literature and Culture in the U.S. from the Civil War Through World War II, (Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2002). Dawes examines the relationship between language and violence focusing on American literature and two analytical models: The "emancipatory model," derived from political discourse and deliberative democracy theories, and the "disciplinary model," derived from poststructuralism and concepts of language as a means to discipline and control violence.

David FrumThe Right Man: The Surprise Presidency of George W. Bush (New York, Random House, 2003). Chapter 9 in this account by a former Presidential speechwriter deals with the Administration's post 9/11 communications efforts. References to Karen Hughes, Karl Rove, Charlotte Beers, and Norman Pattis. (Courtesy of Dell Pendergrast)

Montreal Museum of Fine ArtsRichelieu: Art and Power, Hilliard Todd Goldfarb, ed. This catalog (411 pages) written for the Museum's recent exhibit explores Cardinal Richelieu's use of the visual arts for political purposes. Thoughtful essays on art, history, psychology, and the subtle use of images to project state power.

Brigitte NacosMass-Mediated Terrorism: The Central Role of the Media in Terrorism and Counterterrorism, (Lanham, Maryland, Rowman and Littlefield, 2002). A substantial rewrite of Professor Nacos's (Columbia University) 1996 book on the media and terrorism. Includes extensive research on post 9/11 issues and a restatement of her theories on the media as terrorism's "oxygen" and "propaganda of the deed."

George OrwellEssays. (New York, Alfred A. Knopf, Everyman's Library, 2002). The only hardcover edition of Orwell's literary and political writings. Introduction by John Carey. Includes "The Frontiers of Art and Propaganda," "Politics and the English Language," (writing advice worth assigning to undergraduates), and a number of Orwell's BBC World Service commentaries broadcast during World War II.

Sandra SilbersteinWar of Words: Language, Politics and 9/11, (New York, Routledge, 2002). A linguist's critical study of the "strategic deployment of language" by the Bush Administration to build support for the war on terror.

Barbie Zelizer and Stuart AllanJournalism After September 11, (New York, Routledge, 2002). Zelizer (Annenberg School, University of Pennsylvania) and Allan (University of the West of England) bring together 15 essays on journalism and crisis, reporting by CNN and other global news media, Western representations of Islam, online journalism and other topics. Includes essays by James Carey (journalism pre-and post-9/11), Simon Cottle (television), and Ingrid Volkmer (political crises in a global network society).

Associated Press/Silicon Valley News"Internet reaches another technological outpost ... the Iranian village," July 4, 2002.

Associated Press/Silicon Valley NewsTelecommunications drawing investors in Afghanistan. "There are only 12,000 functioning telephones for nearly 2 million people in Kabul. And most calls never go through. The situation is worse in the provinces."

Shazka Beyerle"Net Effect," Foreign Policy, July/August, 2002. Beyerle's review of "the Middle East's e-War." Description and analysis of cyberactivism and conflict resolution websites. Links to numerous websites. (Also a separate link to NATO Press Chief Jamie Shea's "top web picks.")

Council on Foreign Relations Independent Task Force Report on Public Diplomacy. Council Chairman Peter G. Peterson's article, "Public Diplomacy and the War on Terrorism," adapted from "the Chairman's preliminary summary of the report," appears in the new September/October issue of Foreign Affairs, at pp. 74-94. The Executive Summary the full report, appendixes, and dissents are available on line at the Council's website. International network of institutions devoted to education, projects, news, resources, web management and technology tools for the creation and dissemination of information and knowledge for diplomacy and international relations.

Europemedia.Net. Tracks European Internet and new media developments on a pan-European level and country-by-country.

Tom GeltonPentagon Disinformation Debate from All Things Considered, July 19, 2002 Debate continues on the Pentagon's Office of Strategic Influence. Supporters and critics have their say in this five-minute NPR segment.

Tony Judt"Its Own Worst Enemy," The New York Review of Books, August 15, 2002, pp. 12-17. Lengthy favorable review of Joseph Nye's book The Paradox of American Power. Critique of U.S. unilateralism and assessment of European views on U.S. policies.

Jessica Mathews"September 11, One Year Later: A World of Change," Carnegie Endowment's Special Edition, Policy Brief 18, August 20, 2002. Mathews looks at the effects of 9/11 on the economy, the environment, globalization, and the U.S. relationship with Russia, China, Central Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. She also considers how future events and key policy choices will dictate the eventual significance of 9/11.

Siobhan McEvoy-LevyAmerican Exceptionalism and US Foreign Policy: Public Diplomacy at the End of the Cold War, St. Martins Press, 2001. comments: "This book examines . . . strategies and values employed in the public diplomacy of the Bush and Clinton Administrations to build domestic and international consensus . . . a model and an illustration for how rhetoric may be used in the study of United States foreign policy."

Moises Naim"The New Disapora," Foreign Policy, July/August, 2002. FP editor Naim's thoughts on new links between emigres and their home countries as a force in globalization.

Nua.com2002 Global Trends Report. 10% of the world's population now has Internet access. For the first time, Europe has the highest number of Internet users, with 185.83m Europeans online compared to 182.83m in the US and Canada. The study also confirms no change in the digital divide. Full text of article on the Europemedia site.

NUA Internet Surveys. Online source on Internet demographics and trends. Nua's "How Many Online?" link contains current estimates of global Internet user population, based on surveys and reports from around the world.

Public Diplomacy
Mark Leonard, with Catherine Stead and Conrad Smewing
The British Council, BBC World Service, Norway-UK
18th June 2002

The Foreign Policy Centre, directed by Mark Leonard, has issued a new report on public diplomacy in association with the British Council, BBC World Service, and Norway-UK. Joseph Nye's Amazon reviewer's comment: "First Rate." Below is a summary from the Centre's website ("Tony Blair's think tank").
PDC members will recall the roundtable with Mark Leonard hosted by the Public Diplomacy Institute at George Washington University last spring and a lively conversation on his research for this report.

In the world of al-Jazeera, global protest and mass democracy, building relationships with overseas publics can be as important as talking to governments. Whether countries build an international coalition against al-Qaida, reform the Common Agricultural Policy, or attract inward investment, influencing public opinion abroad will be crucial. What should our strategy for success be in this global competition for exports, tourism, investment and political influence? How can governments harness the power of NGOs, brands, diasporas and political parties to project a modern image? What lessons emerged from public diplomacy after September 11? The report sets out a practical agenda for public diplomacy which draws on fieldwork in six countries, hundreds of interviews with practitioners, and contributions from the experts in academia and communications - from Harvard academic Joseph Nye to Downing Street spokesman Alistair Campbell.

British Council Survey of Young MuslimsAlan Travis"Muslims View the US and Britain with Love and Hate," Guardian, June 11, 2002.

Broadcasting Board of Governors. BBG Website has a new look and updated content. Developed by BBG public affairs staffer Joan Mower.

Georgetown University ISD Panels"Talking with the Islamic World: Is the Message Getting Through?" Spring 2002 series coordinated by Marjorie Ransom with assistance from Mary Gawronski is online in html and pdf formats.

- Session I: The U.S. Image in the Islamic World

- Session II: How American and Foreign Media Present America

- Session III: Projecting a Positive American Image

Michael Medved"Hollywood's Contribution to Anti-Americanism," The National Interest, Summer, 2002, pp. 5-14. "Hollywood may dismiss its silver-screen version of a violent and debauched America as harmless fantasy, but to the rest of the world its the real thing."

Marc Nathanson. BBG Chair. National Press Club Afternoon Newsmaker Program,
Wednesday, June 26, 2002.Discusses Middle East Radio Network (with Norm Pattis) and other issues.

Neil Hickey"Perspectives on War: Different Cultures, Different Coverage," Columbia Journalism Review, March/April, 2002. CJR examines different perspectives in media coverage of Afghanistan and events in the Middle East. Neil Hickey compares TV coverage in the West with Al Jazeera. Rick Zednik looks inside Al Jazeera. George Kennedy finds differences in war coverage in the U.S. and the U.K.

Henry Hyde.HIRC Chair. Transcript with Q&A, Speaking to our Silent Allies: the Role of Public Diplomacy in U.S. Foreign Policy, Remarks at Washington Council on Foreign Relations, June 17, 2002.

Shanthi Kalathil"Community and Communalism in the Information Age," Reprinted from Spring 2002 issue of the Brown Journal of World Affairs, Volume IX, Issue 1. "Many have extolled America's ability to wield not only hard military power but soft power, the less easily quantifiable ability to influence, persuade and shape opinion through culture, diplomacy, and diffuse information flows . . . Yet since 11 September, policymakers and the public alike have been confronted with the flip side of that assumption." Online at Carnegie Endowment Information Revolution and World Politics Project.

Lawrence Kaplan"Return Address: Why the Bushies Won't Push Democracy in the Middle East," The New Republic, June 10, 2002. Kaplan on the views of Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Haass, Lorne Craner, Doug Feith, Paula Dobriansky, Charlotte Beers, Norm Pattis, Andrew Natsios, Thomas Carothers, Mark Palmer and others. Not hotlinked on the TNR website.

Pew Research Center"Publics News Habits Little Changed by September 11, Americans Lack Background to Follow International News," People-press, June 9, 2002." Reported levels of reading, watching and listening to the news are not markedly different than in the spring of 2000. At best, a slightly larger percentage of the public is expressing general interest in international and national news, but there is no evidence its appetite for international news extends much beyond terrorism and the Middle East."

Amb. (ret.) P.S. Sahai"Cultural Diplomacy: India in Singapore," February, 2002. pp 1-18. Amb. Sahai served in the Indian Foreign Service from 1963 to 2000 and is now on the faculty at the Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development in Chandigarh. He met with Juliet Antunes-Sablosky, Barry Fulton, and Jerry Manheim at GWU on June 25. (MS Word copy available on request.)

John RendonLetter to the EditorThe New Republic, June 24, 2002.Reply to Franklin Foer's "Flacks Americana" article, May 20.

Stephen Seplow"Closer to Home," American Journalism Review, July/August, 2002. Long relegated to the margins, foreign news has experienced a modest resurgence since September 11. But much of the coverage has focused on the war on terrorism and the Middle East. Will the blackout return after the crises ebb?"

Charles Skuba"Branding America," Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Summer/Fall, 2002, pp. 105-114. PDF manuscript version available on request."The United States must use the tools of marketing to promote America's image abroad."

Shibley Telami.Statement on public diplomacy before the House CJS Subcommittee, April 24. Online at Brookings. Forwarded by Dell Pendergrast.

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