Bruce Gregory

Bruce Gregory is a visiting scholar at George Washington University.  From 2002-2017 he taught courses on public diplomacy, media, and global affairs in the Global Communication MA Program, School of Media and Public Affairs, and Elliott School of International Affairs.  He was director of the University’s Institute of Public Diplomacy from 2005-2008.  He is also a non-resident faculty fellow at the University of Southern California’s Center on Public Diplomacy and an associate at Georgetown University where he taught courses on public diplomacy in the Master of Foreign Service Program from 2009-2012.

Gregory was a visiting professor at the US Naval War College in Newport, RI from 2008-2011.  He served on the National Defense University’s faculty in Washington, DC from 1998-2001 and taught courses on public diplomacy, media, and national security strategy at the National War College.  From 1985-1998, he was executive director of the US Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.  Prior to retiring from government service in 2002, he served as a coordinator on the Department of State’s Response to Terrorism Working Group on Public Diplomacy. 

He was a co-drafter of three Defense Science Board reports on strategic communication (2001, 2004, 2008); and a co-drafter of the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force Report on Public Diplomacy (2003).  He is a member of the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs and the Public Diplomacy Council. 

His publications include numerous articles and book chapters; many are available online.  He publishes a periodic literature review, Diplomacy’s Public Dimension: Books, Articles, and Websites, archived at GWU’s Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication.  Gregory currently is interested in the roles of diplomats, embassies, and foreign ministries in whole of government diplomacy.  He is writing a book on boundaries, beginnings, and patterns in US public diplomacy.  (February 2020)


Gregory, B. “Mapping Boundaries in Diplomacy’s Public Dimension,” The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, 11 (2016), 1-25.

Gregory, B. “The Paradox of US Public Diplomacy: Its Rise and ‘Demise,'” IPDGC Special Report #1, Institute of Public Diplomacy and Global Communication, George Washington University, February 2014.  

Ellen Huijgh, Bruce Gregory, and Jan Melissen, “Public Diplomacy,” Oxford Bibliographies in International Relations, David Armstrong, ed., (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013). 

Gregory, B. “Hidden in Plain Sight: Implications of the 2012 US Presidential Campaign for American (‘Public’) Diplomacy,” International Studies Association conference, San Francisco, April 2013.

Gregory, B. “Entrevista con Bruce Gregory,” El Molinillo, March 2013, 16-21. Interview and translation: Teresa La Porte and Joyce Baptista, Universidad de Navarra.

Gregory, B. “American Public Diplomacy: Enduring Characteristics, Elusive Transformation,” Chapter 8 in Paul Sharp and Geoffrey Wiseman, eds., American Diplomacy, (Martinus Nijhoff, 2012). 

Gregory, B. “American Public Diplomacy: Enduring Characteristics, Elusive Transformation,” The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, 6 (2011) 351-372.

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy Scholars and Practitioners: Thoughts for an Ongoing Conversation,” Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy, Fall 2010.                                   

Gregory, B. Book Review, Kenneth A. Osgood and Brian C. Etheridge eds., The United States and Public Diplomacy: New Directions in Cultural and International History, (Martinus Nijhoff, 2010) in The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2010, 299-301. 

Gregory, B. “Mapping Smart Power in Multi-stakeholder Public Diplomacy / Strategic Communication,” Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication, George Washington University, October 5, 2009. 

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy and Governance: Challenges for Scholars and Practitioners,” Chapter 14, 241-256, in Andrew F. Cooper, Brian Hocking, and William Maley, eds., Worlds Apart:  Exploring the Interface Between Governance and Diplomacy, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy and National Security: Lessons from the U.S. Experience,” Small Wars Journal, August 14, 2008.

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy:  Sunrise of an Academic Field,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 616, March 2008, 274-290.      

Gregory, B. Book Review, Nicholas J. Cull, The Cold War and the United States Information Agency: American Propaganda and Public Diplomacy, 1945-1989, (Cambridge University Press, 2008), Naval War College Review, Spring 2009, 122-123. 

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy and Counterterrorism: Lessons from the U.S. Experience,” conference on Assessing and Countering Jihadist Propaganda, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Geneva, April 28-29, 2008.   

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy as Strategic Communication,” Chapter 17, 336-357, in James J.F. Forest, ed., Countering Terrorism and Insurgency in the 21st Century: Strategic and Tactical Considerations, Vol. 1, (Praeger, 2007).

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy: Trends and New Tools,” Keynote speech, NATO Public Diplomacy Division Brussels, July 2-3, 2007.

Gregory, B. “Discourse Norms in Public Diplomacy: Necessary and Artificial Fault Lines,” Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) San Francisco, August 5, 2006.

Gregory, B. “Now That It’s Part of a Global Conversation, Should We Keep the Term Public Diplomacy?” Centre for International Governance Conference on Worlds Apart? Exploring the Interface Between Governance and Diplomacy, Wilton Park, UK, June 25, 2006.

Gregory, B. “Not Your Grandparents Public Diplomacy,” Department of Foreign Affairs, Ottawa, November 30, 2005.

Gregory, B. “Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication: Cultures, Firewalls, and Imported Norms,” paper presented at the American Political Science Association Conference on International Communication and Conflict, Washington, DC, August, 2005.